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The Landscape Architecture Foundation (LAF) and its research initiatives will be well-represented at the upcoming Council of Educators in Landscape Architecture (CELA) Conference March 23-26 in Salt Lake City, Utah. Organized by Utah State University, the conference will also involve a day trip to the main campus in Logan, Utah.
LAF staff will present during two Concurrent Sessions, report to the CELA Board and Administrators during their respective meetings, and host a meet-and-greet for the 2016 CSI Research Fellows and past Landscape Performance Education Grant and Case Study Investigation (CSI) participants. The conference also features a number of presentations from LAF program participants, who will speak about their methods, findings, and further research.
In total, research from and about LAF’s various Landscape Performance Series initiatives will be part of seven sessions:
Concurrent Session 1, Thurs, 3/24, 8:00-9:20 am
Presentations: Landscape Performance: A Bold Idea in a Change-Averse Town
Matthew James and Erika Roeber, South Dakota State University
Integrating Life-Cycle Costs with Landscape Performance
Yi Luo, Texas Tech University
Case Study Meta-Analysis: A Step Toward Informing Design
Mary Myers, Temple University
Bo Yang, Utah State University
Concurrent Session 2 - Thurs, 3/24, 9:30-10:50 am
The Role of Landscape Performance in Standardized Landscape Architecture Curricula
Panel with: Andrew Fox, North Carolina State University
Kenneth Brooks, Arizona State University
Stephanie Rolley, Kansas State University
Emily McCoy, Andropogon and North Carolina State University
Arianna Koudounas, Landscape Architecture Foundation
Concurrent Session 2 - Thurs, 3/24, 9:30-10:50 am
Wadi Hanifah: Landscape Infrastructure for the 21st Century
Presentation by: Jean Trottier, University of Manitoba
Concurrent Session 5- Sat, 3/26, 8:00-9:20 am
Understanding Courtyards at U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters: Methods to Quantify Use and Density
Presentation by: Chris Ellis, University of Maryland
Concurrent Session 6- Sat, 3/26, 9:30-10:50 am
Looking Beyond Case Studies in Social Performance Research: Replicable Surveys and Generalizable Outcomes
Panel with: Mary Myers, Temple University
Taner Ozdil, University of Texas at Arlington
M. Elen Deming, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Heather Whitlow, Landscape Architecture Foundation
Concurrent Session 8, Sat, 3/26, 2:00-3:20 pm
U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters Heat Island Performance
Presentation by: C. Dylan Reilly, University of Maryland
Concurrent Session 9, Sat, 3/26, 3:30-4:50 pm
Presentations: Measuring the Social Performance of Food Production Landscapes
Ellen Burke, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo
Evaluating Performance of Campus-based Agriculture: Is Bigger Better?
D. Scott Douglas, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
By Daniel Xu, 2015 National Olmsted Scholar Finalist
“Place makes memories cohere in complex ways. People’s experiences of the urban landscape intertwine the sense of place and the politics of space.”
— Dolores Hayden, Architectural Historian
A long time ago, a classmate of mine told me that he could not visually distinguish the difference between a Chinese, a Korean, and a Japanese person. I laughed and told him that sometimes I could not either, because our differences were not simply in our appearances, but in our minds and ideologies, which were influenced by the native culture we were born into. However, if our minds and ideologies are so heavily influenced by culture, what makes us different in the trend of globalization and acculturation? Are we slowly becoming the same? It is an intriguing question.
Prior to 2009, I was a resident of Chengdu, one of the most populated metropolises in Western China, where traditional Chinese quadrangle dwellings are preserved and conflated with contemporary urban fabric and lifestyle. Since then, I have been a student at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana and a traveler to cities around the world. This experience has given me opportunities to immerse myself in diverse cultures, discover landscapes and urban spaces that are unique to different social environments, and tackle how local residents interact with those spaces.
Social psychologist Harold M. Proshansky believes that the cultural identity of a place is a sub-structure of a person’s self-identity and consists of knowledge and feelings developed through everyday experiences of physical spaces. Sometimes cultural identity and landscape are so tightly bounded that it is hard to separate them, like gardens in Versailles, Central Park in New York City, or a random prairie plateau in Aberdeen, Scotland. These spaces are historical or unique mainly because of local natural characteristics. They establish a balance between nature and human cultural activities and provide people a sense of place and belonging. However, in the global trend of uniformity and homogeneousness, how can one ensure a newly proposed landscape design can achieve the same effect? How can urban landscape enhance regional cultural identity and provide a sense a place?
To me, any given land contains information that is both tangible and intangible. It is almost natural for us to study the tangible aspects — hydrology, topography, vegetation, land use, soil type, spatial organization, and circulation system — because they have a direct relationship to the visual and ecological outcomes of a project. However, the cultural identity of a place derives from the intangible parts in which a piece of landscape functions to provide a sense of belonging — local history, tradition, religion, festivals, public desire, and other demographic information.
I demonstrated my beliefs in my past works during my time at Purdue. Natural Water as Cultural Water, a research project I did during junior year, sought to find the balance between culture and nature along the Wabash River in Lafayette, Indiana, which is currently underappreciated because of flooding, vacancy and disconnection. The proposed solution is an embodiment of cultural representation and technology of stormwater management.
The inspiration for the design comes from the city’s history — the transportation instrument Native Americans originally used on the river, and the major agricultural product of the region: corn. The geometric structure of the canoe and the matrix of the corn seeds were taken, hybridized and re-conceptualized into revelatory units to construct concave and convex landforms. It reroutes and collects water and serves as a buffer between the river and the city during flooding seasons. The plan provides a refuge for wetland plants and animal species. With potential for spontaneous use and dynamic programing, the site can transform into a sustainable landscape infrastructure with a cultural identity that provides an active waterfront experience. The regional planning phase of the project won the Award of Excellence in Analysis and Planning in the American Society of Landscape Architects 2013 Student Awards.
Daniel received his Bachelor of Science in Landscape Architecture with a minor in Fine Arts from Purdue University in May 2015. He is currently working at Sasaki Associates in Boston.
LAF has selected 15 high-performing landscape projects for its 2016 Case Study Investigation (CSI) program. CSI is a unique research collaboration that matches LAF-funded faculty-student research teams with design practitioners to document the benefits of exemplary landscape projects.
Participants from each firm will work with the 2016 CSI Research Fellows to evaluate the environmental, social, and economic performance of the selected projects. The resulting Case Study Briefs are published to LAF’s award-winning Landscape Performance Series database of over 100 projects.
This year’s cohort comprises a range of project typologies, including three waterfront parks, a stormwater treatment facility, an EPA Region headquarters, a stream restoration, and several landmark urban parks. The 2016 projects will add unrepresented geographies — namely Alabama, Kansas, Missouri, and Canada — to the Landscape Performance Series.
The 2016 CSI program kicks off in February and runs through early August. The resulting Case Study Briefs from these participating firms and projects will be published in the fall:
Fairview Environmental Park, Montgomery, AL
Phipps Conservatory, Pittsburgh, PA
University of Pennsylvania - Shoemaker Green, Philadelphia, PA
EPA Region 7 Headquarters, Lenexa, KS
Swope Campus Parking Lot, Kansas City, MO
- HNP Landscape Architecture
Samford Park at Toomer’s Corner Landscape, Auburn, AL
HtO Park, Toronto, ON, Canada Janet Rosenberg + Associates
- Kansas City Water Services Department
Middle Blue River Basin Green Solutions Pilot Project, Kansas City, MO
- Mia Lehrer + Associates
Vista Hermosa, Los Angeles, CA
- Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates
Brooklyn Bridge Park, Brooklyn, NY
Corktown Common, Toronto, ON, Canada
- PFS Studio
Sherbourne Common Park, Toronto, ON, Canada
South Los Angeles Wetland Park, Los Angeles, CA
- SWA Group
Shenzhen Bay, Shenzhen, China
- Tom Leader Studio
Railroad Park, Birmingham, AL
We look forward to working with the firms and learning more about these amazing projects and their impacts!
Six faculty Research Fellows have been selected for LAF’s 2016 Case Study Investigation (CSI) program. CSI is a unique research collaboration that matches faculty-student research teams with design firms to document the benefits of exemplary high-performing landscape projects. Teams develop methods to quantify environmental, economic and social benefits and produce Case Study Briefs for LAF’s Landscape Performance Series.
Research Fellows lead the CSI collaboration, work with firms to identify measurable impacts of select projects, develop evaluation methods, and oversee the case study production process. These select faculty members receive an honorarium and funding to support a student research assistant.
The following LAF Research Fellows will lead the five 2016 Case Study Investigation teams:
- Charlene LeBleu, FASLA, AICP, Auburn University
- Howard Hahn, RLA, ASLA, Kansas State University
- Nicholas Pevzner, University of Pennsylvania
- Kelly Shannon, PhD, University of Southern California
- Jane Wolff and Elise Shelley, University of Toronto
We look forward to working with this distinguished group! The 2016 CSI program gets underway in February and runs through early August. Research teams will document the performance of 15 exemplary projects. Stay tuned — next week, we’ll announce the projects and firms selected for participation.
The Landscape Architecture Foundation (LAF) wishes you all the best as 2016 gets underway! This year marks LAF’s 50th anniversary, and we look forward to celebrating with you throughout the year. Look for announcements about new transformative programs and initiatives, and save the date for June 10-11 in Philadelphia when we host a landmark summit about landscape architecture and the future!
Thanks to all of our friends and supporters who stopped by our photobooth in Chicago to help us kick off this year of celebration! (See a higher resolution version here.)